Business Plan Essay

Our last assigment for this module was to write a business plan essay. This involved actually analysing each section of a business plan and determining how each aspect of a business plan could prove to be of value or use in the future and in other types of employment.

 I found this quite difficult at first as I couldn’t quite get my head around what value I saw in each section but the more I thought about it I was able to pick certain skills out that could be used in other jobs. Once I got the hang of it I found it interesting to think more in depth about each aspect of a business plan and what exactly they entail and why they are an important.

I also included ideas and examples from my own business plan concept which was to build/buy a property with kennels for rescued  or retired greyhounds as I am very passionate about greyhounds (I have one of my own and have been besotted ever since!) I think tey deserve a life of care and comfort once they come off the racetrack. This gave me the opportunity to pick it apart and look at how it would work in more detail as well as how these ideas would be useful in other aspects of employability such as numeracy skills for the financial aspect could also be used for jobs that include handling money such as in tourist attractions like a zoo where employees may have to do other work as well as the zoological side of things. 


CV assignment

The first assignment we were given to begin the module (Employability and Bioenterprise) was to create our own CV and cover letter.

I did already have a CV so it was simple to use as a foundation to build on and tailor towards the job I had chosen. We had to find our ideal job on an online job forum and I didn’t have to look far before I saw an advertisement for a veterinary care assistant position; a job I’ve had in my mind’s eye for a while now and one I am considering in persuing after I graduate. It was quite easy to tailor my CV to fit this job as I have relevant work experience and skills needed for the job as well as good qualifications so I wasn’t lost in what to include, in fact I struggles more in keeping it at 2 pages!

With regards to the cover letter, I found this a bit more difficult so asked friends for advice and looked online and used our module slides for extra information and good examples and was able to write what I considered to be a competent, professional cover letter! I was pleased with what I had done and when receiving an A grade for it, I was pleased my extra research and work paid off and it made me feel positive for future applications!

I found this exercise particularly useful as it gave you the opportunity to look more in depth at the jobs that are out there for Biology graduates at the moment and what they are looking for in an employer. It gave me the time to improve and enhance my CV as well as give me experience in writing a good cover letter which will no doubt be of use and will probably be a template for job applications in the future!

Snake bites in India by Gerry Martin

On 25th March I attended a talk by Gerry Martin about the snakebite dilemma occurring in India. Deaths of around 40,000 to 50,000 people occur annually in India due to venomous snake bites and around 150,000 to 20,000 people are seriously harmed by snake bites which can lead to limb loss.

The major problem of snake bites is the fact treatment is limited due to it the economic implications and there is only one legal anti-venom available in just one region of India. Venom can vary across species and across the country.


There are several challenges that need to be overcome which include:

  • Government inertia
  • Obsolete understanding of the situation (A guide written in 1943 was by someone who had not even visited India!)
  • Scale
  • Diversity – there is no universal solution
  • Lack of resources
  • Obstinate perspectives

Species of snakes with medical significance

There are said to be four species of medical importance known as the ‘Big Four’; however at least ten other species have now been added. They are local anomalies and their morbidity has not been labelled medically significant, just the fatalities.

These include:

The Russel’s Viper  (Daboia russelii) – This snake is the biggest problem in India and has a rather nasty bite. It is an ambush predator so stays hidden most of the time. There is a vast variation in its venom (clinicaly) and if you are to survive a bite from this snake extensive plastic surgery will be required therefore causing high expenses.

Daboia russelii

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Saw-scaled Viper (Echis carinatus) – There are two sub-species of this species and have very different venom, but it is not as dangerous as the Russel’s.

File:Echis carinatus sal (edit).jpg

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Spectacled Cobra (Naja naja) – If a patient gets to hospital in time, the bite from this snake is relatively easy to treat. This species of snake is very common.

Naja naja

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Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus) – This snake is very common in rural areas. It has a pre-synaptic neurotoxin (this shuts down signals from the Central Nervous System). After a bite there is no visible wound but the victim will feel drowsy and experience stomach pains.  It has been suggested that this snake’s bite may just be a feeding response as it doesn’t usually bite if it is handled.

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There have been some new additions to this list which include pit vipers, kraits, monocled cobra and also sea snakes (very rare). There are more than 21 species of pit viper in India.

What is being done about this problem?

Scientists and researchers can be studying the venoms in India by finding out where the venoms occur, their potency and how well an anti-venom works, therefore understanding local scenarios. There is a need to determine species distribution, venom variation and anti-venom efficacy. There is likely to be a focus on the Russel’s viper due to it being the biggest problem.

Education is a major necessity to combat this problem as the people of India need to know more about the snakes, their venom and their treatment. It is the real solution to making sure people check for snakes. There is work being done at the Forest department to educate the educator  and to spread awareness through snake club communities.

There are 150,000 to 200,000 permanent cases of morbidity but data on snakes in India is very unreliable.

I agree that education is vital in this situation in order for the people to deal with the problem more economically friendly efficiently. With more awareness people can avoid snake bites or be able to recognise one and get to a hospital quickly, therefore reducing costs of treatment.

 Some papers of interest:;jsessionid=4EA94BB408512DB14B58A340649ACDB8